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Master glossary: Social networks: communication, collapse

This is not so much a post as a home for glossaries to be posted in the comments. Remember that if your comment gets “stuck” to wait a few days.

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  1. miths 19 November 2020

    Anachronism – a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned

    Bogus – not genuine or true (used in a disapproving manner when deception has been attempted)

    Bot – an automated program that runs over the Internet; some bots run automatically, while others only execute commands when they receive specific input; there are many different types of bots, but some common examples include web crawlers, chat room bots, and malicious bots

    Cancel culture (or call-out culture) – a modern form of ostracism in which someone is thrust out of social or professional circles – either online on social media, in the real world, or both; those who are subject to this ostracism are said to be “cancelled”

    Censorship – the suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security

    Clickbait – (on the internet) content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page
    Emotional clickbait – a headline which is designed to appeal directly and explicitly to the emotions of the reader

    Communal relationship – those where an individual assumes responsibility for the welfare of his or her partner

    Computational propaganda – the assemblage of social media platforms, autonomous agents, and big data tasked with the manipulation of public opinion

    Countertrend – a trend that opposes mainstream or popular trends

    Critical theory – an approach to social philosophy which focuses on providing a reflective assessment and critique of society and culture in order to reveal and challenge power structures

    Culture war – a cultural conflict between social groups and the struggle for dominance of their values, beliefs, and practices; it commonly refers to topics on which there is general societal disagreement and polarization in societal values is seen

    Curated – (of online content, merchandise, information, etc.) selected, organized, and presented using professional or expert knowledge

    Data void – coined by Michael Golebiewski of Microsoft, the term “data void” describes search engine queries that turn up little to no results, especially when the query is rather obscure, or not searched often

    Echo chamber – an epistemic construct in which voices are actively excluded and discredited; it does not suffer from a lack in connectivity; rather it depends on a manipulation of trust by methodically discrediting all outside sources; according to research conducted by the University of Pennsylvania, members of echo chambers become dependent on the sources within the chamber and highly resistant to any external sources

    Epistemic bubble – an informational network in which important sources have been excluded by omission, perhaps unintentionally; it is an impaired epistemic framework which lacks strong connectivity; members within epistemic bubbles are unaware of significant information and reasoning

    FCC fairness doctrine – a policy that required the holders of broadcast licenses to both present controversial issues of public importance and to do so in a manner that was—in the FCC’s (Federal Communications Commission) view—honest, equitable, and balanced

    Filter bubble – a situation in which an internet user encounters only information and opinions that conform to and reinforce their own beliefs, caused by algorithms that personalize an individual’s online experience

    Network capitalism – a form of capitalism driven by two main forces: Moore’s Law, which states that computing power doubles every 18 months, and Metcalfe’s Law which is about the value of a network being the square of its number of nodes; in other words, the higher the interconnectivity, the more powerful and open to even more connections the network becomes

    Niche audience – a subgroup of a company’s main targeted audience; this specific audience is a selective group of people who have specific wants, needs and interests; small but mighty, niche audiences hold great value for brands and their success

    Pageview (or pageview hit, page tracking hit) – an instance of a page being loaded (or reloaded) in a browser; pageviews is a metric defined as the total number of pages viewed

    Polarization – division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs

    Propensity – an inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way

    Reputable – having a good reputation and able to be trusted

    Rupture – an occasion when something explodes, breaks, or tears

    Sage on the stage – an educator, especially at the postsecondary level, who imparts knowledge by lecturing to an audience; the method of imparting knowledge used by such an educator; sometimes mildly derogatory

    Social capital – the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively
    Civic engagement (or civic participation) – any individual or group activity addressing issues of public concern; civic engagement includes communities working together or individuals working alone in both political and non-political actions to protect public values or make a change in a community; the goal of civic engagement is to address public concerns and promote the quality of the community

    Soft news – information that is primarily entertaining or personally useful, primarily dealing with commentary, entertainment, arts and lifestyle
    Hard news – coverage of breaking events involving top leaders, major issues, or significant disruptions in the routines of daily life (John Zaller)

    To emulate – match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation

    To heckle – to interrupt a public speech or performance with loud, unfriendly statements or questions

  2. jams 22 November 2020

    <a href=“https://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/systems-thinking#:~:text=Systems%20thinking%20is%20a%20holistic,the%20context%20of%20larger%20systems.”>1. Systems thinking</a> = a holistic approach to analysis that focuses on the way that a system’s constituent parts interrelate and how systems work over time and within the context of larger systems.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/empowerment”>2. Empowerment</a> = the process of gaining freedom and power to do what you want or to control what happens to you.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/iterative”>3. Iterative</a> = doing something again and again, usually to improve it.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/perseverance”>4. Perseverance</a> = continued effort and determination.

    <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking”>5. Critical thinking</a> = the analysis of facts to form a judgment.

    <a href=“https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Context_collapse#:~:text=Context%20collapse%20is%20a%20concept,face%2Dto%2Dface%20circumstances.”>6. Context collapse</a> = a concept used by those academics writing about the effects of social media; it refers to the infinite audiences possible online as opposed to the limited groups a person can normally interact with in face-to-face circumstances.

    <a href=“http://facultysites.vassar.edu/lenevare/archive/2008/soci235/bellah.htm#:~:text=Expressive%20individualism%20holds%20that%20each,persons%2C%20with%20nature%2C%20or%20with”>7. Expressive individualism</a> = holds that each person has a unique core of feeling and intuition that should unfold or be expressed if individuality is to be realized.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/polarization”>8. Polarization</a> = the act of dividing something, especially something that contains different people or opinions, into two completely opposing groups.

    <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totalitarianism”>9. Totalitarianism</a> = a concept for a form of government or political system that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/clickbait”>10. Clickbait</a> = articles, photographs, etc. on the internet that are intended to attract attention and encourage people to click on links to particular websites.

    <a href=“https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/jargon”>11. Jargon</a> = special words and phrases that are used by particular groups of people, especially in their work.

    <a href=“https://computersciencewiki.org/index.php/Procedural_thinking#:~:text=Procedural%20thinking%20is%20a%20disciplined,follow%20the%20steps%20in%20order”>12. Procedural thinking</a> = a disciplined method of thinking in sequence, in order and logically.

    <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_thinking”>13. Design thinking</a> = refers to the cognitive, strategic and practical processes by which design concepts (proposals for products, buildings, machines, communications, etc.) are developed.

    <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_theory”>14. Critical theory</a> = an approach to social philosophy which focuses on providing a reflective assessment and critique of society and culture in order to reveal and challenge power structures.

    <a href=“https://ncu.libguides.com/researchprocess/theoreticalframeworks#:~:text=Theoretical%20frameworks%20provide%20a%20particular,define%20concepts%20and%20explain%20phenomena.”>15. Theoretical lens</a> = provide a particular perspective, or lens, through which to examine a topic; there are many different lenses, such as psychological theories, social theories, organizational theories and economic theories, which may be used to define concepts and explain phenomena.

    <a href=“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-racism”>16. Anti-racism</a> = a form of action against racism and the systemic racism and the oppression of marginalized groups.

    <a href=“https://wmpeople.wm.edu/asset/index/cvance/echo”>17. Epistemic Bubble</a> = a situation where one is unexposed to contrary views or information from the “other side”.

    <a href=“https://wmpeople.wm.edu/asset/index/cvance/echo”>18. Echo Chamber</a> = a situation where one has been conditioned to distrust contrary views or information from the “other side”.

    <a href=“https://par.nsf.gov/servlets/purl/10021331#:~:text=We%20define%20computational%20propaganda%20as,the%20manipulation%20of%20public%20opinion.”>19. Computational propaganda</a> = the assemblage of social media platforms, autonomous agents, and big data tasked with the manipulation of public opinion.

    <a href=“https://techterms.com/definition/bot#:~:text=A%20bot%20(short%20for%20%22robot,room%20bots%2C%20and%20malicious%20bots.”>20. Bot</a> = an automated program that runs over the Internet.

  3. lumpenprol 24 November 2020

    unfettered – not limited by rules or any other controlling influence
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/unfettered

    glut – a supply of something that is much greater than can be sold or is needed or wanted
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/glut

    deluge – a very large volume of something, more than can be managed
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/deluge

    cognitive – connected with thinking or conscious mental processes
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/cognitive

    bogus – false, not real, or not legal
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/bogus

    unmoored – no longer tied in place
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/unmoored

    nebulous – not clear and having no form
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/nebulous

    rife – if something unpleasant is rife, it is very common or happens a lot
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/rife

    demarcation – a border or a rule that shows the limits of something or how things are divided
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/demarcation

    adversarial – involving people opposing or disagreeing with each other
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/adversarial

    smattering – a very small amount or number
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/smattering

    nefarious – (especially of activities) morally bad
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/nefarious

    caustic – strongly critical
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/caustic

    skewed – not accurate or exact
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/skewed

    exacerbate – to make something that is already bad even worse
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/exacerbate

    big-data – is a field that treats ways to analyze, systematically extract information from, or otherwise deal with date sets that are too large or complex to be dealt with by traditional data-processing application software
    source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_data

    contingent – depending on or influenced by something else; depending on something else in the future in order to happen
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/contingent

    inextricable – unable to be separated, released, or escaped from
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/inextricable

    scoundrel – a person, especially a man, who treats other people very badly and has no moral principles
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/scoundrel

    propensity – the fact that someone is likely to behave in a particular way, especially a bad way
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/propensity

    deleterious – harmful
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/deleterious

    overt – done or shown publicly or in an obvious way and not secret
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/overt

    impinge on/upon something – to have an effect on something, often by limiting it in some way
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/impinge-on-upon-sb-sth?q=impinge+on

    undergird – to support something by forming a strong base for it
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/undergird

    disarray – the state of being confused and having no organization or of being untidy
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/disarray

    incentive – something that encourages a person to do something
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/incentive

    civic – of a town or city or the people who live in it
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/civic

    pervasively – in a way that is present or noticeable in every part of a thing or place
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/pervasively

    amenable – willing to accept or be influenced by a suggestion
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/amenable

    litany – a long list spoken or given to someone, esp. to someone who has heard or seen it before or finds it boring
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/litany

    vaudeville – a type of theatre entertainment in the 1800s and early 1900s that included music, dancing, and jokes
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/vaudeville

    to don – to put on a piece of clothing
    source: https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/don_1

    tacitly – without expressing something directly
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/tacitly

    facet – one part of a subject, situation, etc. that has many parts
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/facet

    proprietor – a person who owns a particular type of business, especially a hotel, a shop, or a company that makes newspapers
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/proprietor

  4. chickclique 24 November 2020

    1. Aggregate – total;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/aggregate)

    2. Amenable – willing to accept or be influenced by a suggestion; (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/amenable)

    3. Data void – search engine queries that turn up little to no results, especially when the query is rather obscure, or not searched often;
    (https://datasociety.net/library/data-voids/)

    4. deathbed conversion -The adoption of a particular religion when one’s death is near;
    (https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/deathbed+conversion)

    5. Edutainment -the process of entertaining people at the same time as you are teaching them something, and the products, such as television programmes or software, that do this;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/edutainment)

    6. Hallmark – a typical characteristic or feature of a person or a thing;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/hallmark)

    7. Incentive -something that encourages a person to do something;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/incentive)

    8. Head fake -an act that is designed to confuse your opponents about your plans or intentions; (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/head-fake)

    9. Morose – unhappy, annoyed, and unwilling to speak or smile;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/morose)

    10. Nebulous – (especially of ideas) not clear and having no form;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/nebulous)

    11. Polarization -the act of dividing something, especially something that contains different people or opinions, into two completely opposing groups;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/polarization)

    12. Reputable – having a good reputation and able to be trusted;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/reputable)

    13. Rupture – an occasion when something explodes, breaks, or tears;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/rupture)

    14. Sabbatical – of or relating to a sabbatical year;
    (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sabbatical)

    15. Sage (on the stage) – a teaching method where a professor imparts knowledge by lecturing to their class. Students are expected to take notes, memorize, and regurgitate this information on request with little feedback. The professor transmits their knowledge to students, who passively absorb the material;
    (https://tophat.com/glossary/s/sage-on-the-stage/)

    16. To amplify -to increase the size or effect of something;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/amplify)

    17. To chew out – to speak angrily to someone because they have done something wrong;
    (https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/chew-out)

    18. To lament – to express sadness and feeling sorry about something;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/lament)

    19. To pay the piper – To pay the consequences for self-indulgent behavior;
    (https://www.dictionary.com/browse/pay—the—piper)

    20. To unearth – to discover proof or some other information, especially after careful searching;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/unearth)

    21. . Unfettered -not limited by rules or any other controlling influence;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/unfettered)

    22. Zest – enthusiasm, eagerness, energy, and interest;
    (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/zest)

  5. plusone 26 November 2020

    Clickbait-something (such as a headline) designed to make readers want to click on a hyperlink especially when the link leads to content of dubious value or interest
    It is difficult to remember a time when you could scroll through the social media outlet of your choice and not be bombarded with: You’ll never believe what happened when … This is the cutest thing ever … This the biggest mistake you can make … Take this quiz to see which character you are on … They are all classic clickbait models.
    — Emily Shire
    https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/clickbait
    Headlines-1: words set at the head of a passage or page to introduce or categorize
    2a: a head of a newspaper story or article usually printed in large type and giving the gist of the story or article that follows
    bheadlines plural : front-page news https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/headlines
    Contemporary-1a: marked by characteristics of the present period : MODERN, CURRENT
    contemporary American literature
    contemporary standards
    b: SIMULTANEOUS
    2: happening, existing, living, or coming into being during the same period of time
    The book is based on contemporary accounts of the war. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/contemporary
    Experimental-relating to tests, especially scientific ones https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/experimental
    Platform-a flat raised area or structure https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/platform
    Design-to make or draw plans for something, for example clothes or buildings https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/design
    Experiment-a test done in order to learn something or to discover if something works or is true https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/experiment