Intercultural Extraneity
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Contex/nt of Real/Virtual Community Glossary 3

WEEK 2: CONTENT/CONTEXT

Context – the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood; also, in semiotics, linguistics, sociology and anthropology, context refers to those objects or entities which surround a focal event, in these disciplines typically a communicative event, of some kind. Context is “a frame that surrounds the event and provides resources for its appropriate interpretation”.
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Context_(language_use)

Content – the things that are held or included in something; the material dealt with in a speech, literary work, etc. as distinct from its form or style; information made available by a website or other electronic medium
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Context collapse – a concept used by those academics writing about the effects of social media. It refers to the infinite audiences possible online as opposed to the limited groups a person can normally interact within face-to-face circumstances. In a limited group, a person is constantly adjusting their tone and presentation of self to fit into the social context. In a situation of context collapse, this becomes impossible. In addition, behaviours and materials intended for a limited audience can suddenly clash with parts of the wider audience they actually receive. More about context collapse online: https://www.rewire.org/context-collapse-online/

Social media – websites and computer programs that allow people to communicate and share information on the internet using a computer or mobile phone
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Media theory – media theory refers to the complex of social-political-philosophical principles which organize ideas about the relationship between media and society; also media studies
https://www.le.ac.uk/oerresources/media/ms7501/mod2unit11/page_07.htm

General public – ordinary people, especially all the people who are not members of a particular organization or who do not have any special type of knowledge: This is a matter of great concern to the general public.
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Self-presentation – any behaviours intended to convey a particular image of, or particular information about, the self to other people. self-presentational motives explain why an individual’s behaviour often changes as soon as anyone else is thought to be present or watching. More on: https://dictionary.apa.org/self-presentation

Trivial – of little value or importance.
“huge fines were imposed for trivial offences”
www.dictionary.com › browse › trivial

Algorithm – Mathematics. a set of rules for solving a problem in a finite number of steps, as the Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor.
-Computers. an ordered set of instructions recursively applied to transform data input into processed data output, as a mathematical solution, descriptive statistics, internet search engine result, or predictive text suggestions.
https://www.dictionary.com/browse/algorithm

Vlog – a blog that features mostly videos rather than text or images.
https://www.dictionary.com/browse/vlog?s=t

Vlogger – someone who makes vlogs (= short films that record your thoughts, ideas, or opinions on a subject) and posts them on the internet.
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/vlogger

Audience – the (number of) people watching or listening to a particular television or radio programme, reading a particular book, or visiting a particular website

SNS – A social networking service (SNS) is an online vehicle for creating relationships with other people who share an interest, background, or real relationship. Social networking service users create a profile with personal information and photos and form connections with other profiles. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/social-networking-service-sns.asp

Diversity – the fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people or the fact that there are many different ideas or opinions about something
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Filter – a tool for creating special effects on an image: Instagram/Snapchat filters
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

Context Restoration – when people start backing away from broadcasting intimate details about themselves, it’s a sign that they’re looking to re-establish some boundaries in their social lives, to mend the walls that social media has broken http://www.roughtype.com/?p=6887

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  1. ml 21 October 2020

    * Virtual community – a social network of individuals who connect through specific social media, potentially crossing geographical and political boundaries in order to pursue mutual interests or goals
    * Character actor – a supporting actor who plays unusual, interesting, or eccentric characters
    * Individualism – the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology and social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual
    * Insidious – gradually and secretly causing harm
    * Gateway – something in a system that allows you to use its other parts
    * Finsta – a secondary, usually private, Instagram account where users are more lax in deciding what they post
    * Cacophony – an unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
    * Grotesque – strange and unpleasant, especially in a silly or slightly frightening way
    * Tone-deaf – insensitive and offensive as a result of not noticing the current social context

  2. miths 22 October 2020

    sentient – able to percieve or feel things
    to impinge – to have an effect, especially a negative one
    to skew – make biased or distorted in a way that is regarded as inaccurate, unfair, or misleading
    Faustian bargain – a pact whereby a person trades something of supreme moral or spiritual importance, such as personal values or the soul, for some worldly or material benefit, such as knowledge, power, or riches
    to subsume – include or absorb (something) in something else
    amorphous – without a clearly defined shape or form
    to gear to – prepare, adjust, or equip for a particular purpose or need
    to gin up – arouse or intensify strong feelings in someone
    epistemological – relating to the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope, and the distinction between justified belief and opinion
    to herald – be a sign that (something) is about to happen
    a dog’s breakfast – something or someone that looks extremely untidy, or something that is very badly done
    to yoke – to combine or connect two things
    to malign – speak about (someone) in a spitefully critical manner
    to superimpose – place or lay (one thing) over another, typically so that both are still evident
    zany – amusingly unconventional and idiosyncratic

  3. powerpuff2 25 October 2020

    to grapple with sb (phrasal verb) – to hold onto someone and fight with them
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/grapple-with-sb

    grapple (v) – to fight, especially in order to win something
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/grapple

    conceptual lens – A Conceptual Lens is a particular concept, or perhaps two concepts, that are selected to focus the thinking for a classroom unit of study.
    source: https://edtosavetheworld.com/2013/04/23/the-power-of-a-conceptual-lens/

    ginned up – gin up (v) – to create; to generate, especially artificially or by dubious means
    source: https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/gin-up

    a sea change – a complete change
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/sea-change

    gained momentum – the quality that keeps an event developing or making progress after it has started
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/momentum

    tribalism – a very strong feeling of loyalty to a political or social group, so that you support them whatever they do
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/tribalism

    consolidates – to become, or cause something to become, stronger, and more certain
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/consolidate

    exert – to use power or the ability to make something happen
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/exert

    Juneteenth- a holiday celebrating the emancipation of those who had been enslaved in the United States
    source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juneteenth

    homogenize – to change something so that all its parts or features become the same or very similar
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/homogenize?q=homeogenizes

    digitization – the conversion of text, pictures, or sound into a digital form that can be processed by a computer.
    source: https://www.lexico.com/definition/digitization

    free-floating – not supporting any particular political party; not attached to anything; not controlled by any particular system
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/free-floating

    whitewash – a deliberate attempt to conceal unpleasant or incriminating facts about a person or organization in order to protect their reputation.
    source: https://www.lexico.com/definition/whitewash

    pioneering – Involving new ideas or methods.
    source: https://www.lexico.com/definition/pioneering

    jumble – An untidy collection or pile of things.
    source: https://www.lexico.com/definition/jumble

    a dog’s breakfast – something or someone that looks extremely untidy, or something that is very badly done
    source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/a-dog-s-breakfast

    influencer – A person with the ability to influence potential buyers of a product or service by promoting or recommending the items on social media.
    source: https://www.lexico.com/definition/influencer

  4. plusone 26 October 2020

    Contouring-is a makeup technique that uses cosmetics to define, enhance and sculpt the structure of the face or other body parts, such as breasts https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contouring
    Information-facts about a situation, person, event, etc. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/information
    Trivialize-to make something seem less important than it really is https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/trivialize
    Consolidate-to become, or cause something to become, stronger, and more certain https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/consolidate
    Digital media-means any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats. Digital media can be created, viewed, distributed, modified and preserved on digital electronics devices. Digital can be defined as any data represented with a series of digits, and Media refers to a method of broadcasting or communicating information together digital media refers to any information that is broadcast to us through a screen. This includes text, audio, video, and graphics that is transmitted over the internet, for viewing on the internet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_media
    Discern-to see, recognize, or understand something that is not clear https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/discern

  5. Tesla 26 October 2020

    Bloom’s Taxonomy – a hierarchical ordering of cognitive skills that can, among countless other uses, help teachers teach and students learn. https://www.teachthought.com/learning/what-is-blooms-taxonomy-a-definition-for-teachers/
    Sentient being – capable of experiencing things through its senses. https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/sentient
    Impinge on – to affect (something) in a way that is unwanted. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/impinge%20on%2Fupon
    Invisible audiences – the people you didn’t know were looking, or who you didn’t know could look. https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/when-using-social-media-beware-the-invisible-audience/
    Cottage industry – a small industry run from home. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/cottage-industry
    Gatekeeping – The activity of controlling, and usually limiting, general access to something. https://www.lexico.com/definition/gatekeeping

  6. Tesla 27 October 2020

    Bloom’s Taxonomy – a hierarchical ordering of cognitive skills that can, among countless other uses, help teachers teach and students learn.
    Retrieved from:https://www.teachthought.com/learning/what-is-blooms-taxonomy-a-definition-for-teachers/
    Sentient being – capable of experiencing things through its senses.
    Retrieved from:https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/sentient
    Impinge on – to affect (something) in a way that is unwanted.
    Retrieved from: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/impinge%20on%2Fupon
    Invisible audiences – the people you didn’t know were looking, or who you didn’t know could look. Retrieved from: https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/when-using-social-media-beware-the-invisible-audience/
    Cottage industry – a small industry run from home.
    Retrieved from:https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/cottage-industry
    Gatekeeping – The activity of controlling, and usually limiting, general access to something.
    Retrieved from: https://www.lexico.com/definition/gatekeeping